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Proposals for 2 large-scale battery storage amenities have been put earlier than decisionmakers at Riverhead City Council on New York’s Lengthy Island.

Plans for the initiatives are underneath evaluate and comprise a 100MW/200MW battery energy storage system (BESS) at one website and a 60MW/120MWh BESS at one other, in line with regional information outlet Riverhead Native.

For each initiatives to get approval, exemptions to native zoning legal guidelines must be granted, because the battery amenities don’t fall underneath permitted use for the land chosen underneath current designations.

The bigger undertaking is being proposed by developer Hexagon Energy. Referred to as Riverhead Energy, the 100MW BESS and related infrastructure can be constructed on roughly 1 acre of a 3.5-acre undertaking website at present underneath industrial use.

BESS system integrator and producer Powin Energy has already been contracted because the battery system provider to the undertaking with its lithium iron phosphate (LFP) expertise.

Riverhead Energy would assist alleviate grid constraints in a very congested space of Lengthy Island’s Suffolk County, Hexagon Energy claimed.

The usage of current industrial land means there will probably be restricted disturbance to nature and the setting, whereas the positioning can also be near grid infrastructure by way of which it may hook up with the community, the corporate has mentioned.  

Hexagon Energy was based in 2015. The Charlottesville, Virginia-headquartered developer has already developed greater than 1GW of unpolluted energy initiatives representing round US$2.5 billion funding.

The opposite BESS being thought-about is underneath improvement by way of a partnership between commodities buying and selling big Trafigura and energy and infrastructure developer Rhynland Energy, Riverhead Native mentioned. The latter is creating battery storage initiatives in New York State together with EV charging infrastructure within the US Northeast.

As reported by Energy-Storage.information in March, Rhynland’s partnership is with renewables funding and improvement group Nala Renewables, Trafigura’s three way partnership (JV) with funding supervisor IFM Buyers.

Rhynland and Nala Renewables are working collectively on a pipeline of four BESS projects, totaling 280MW, all on the Long Island peninsula.

The 60MW/120MWh BESS undertaking put earlier than the Riverhead City Council is named EC Battery Storage, with the builders buying and selling underneath the title Edwards Calverton Battery Storage LLC for it. Proposed for building on one other industrial website, this one adjoining to a Lengthy Island Energy Authority (LIPA) substation that a lot of proposed {solar} farms would even be intently located to.

Changing Lengthy Island’s fleet of peaker crops

With New York aiming for its electrical energy sector to go emissions-free by 2040 and setting a coverage goal to deploy 6GW of energy storage within the state by 2030, decarbonising Lengthy Island has been recognized as a difficult side of that transformation.

The peninsula is house to 4,357MW of fossil fuel-fired peaker crops. A 2020 examine by Strategen Consulting discovered that these crops, which function on common for round 15% of the yr however price LIPA’s prospects about half a billion {dollars} a yr in upkeep price alone, could largely be replaced by renewables and energy storage cost-effectively by 2030.

In an interview with this website in August 2021, Taylor Quarles of energy storage developer Key Seize Energy mentioned that these “extraordinarily costly” thermal energy plant sources are largely coming offline throughout this decade as their contracts run down, offering an opportunity for batteries to come in.

“They’re unfold throughout a wide range of crops throughout the island, largely form of on the periphery of the island, the place you’ll be able to website a big fossil facility. However the great thing about energy storage is that we will goal their particular areas,” Quarles mentioned.

Riverhead Native reporter Denise Civiletti wrote on 25 August that purposes for each initiatives had been reviewed by Riverhead City’s planning division however have been denied by the city zoning officer, whereas the planning division additionally informed groups behind each initiatives that their purposes have been thought-about incomplete.

A potential manner ahead seems to be to use to the Zoning Board of Appeals, which may difficulty a variance figuring out that the usage of land for BESS will not be lined by current guidelines and making an exception. In the meantime, the Riverhead City Board can also be working to create laws to permit particular allowing for battery storage initiatives in varied pockets of business, agricultural and a few residential areas.    



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Lithium-ion gigafactory barriers in LATAM as CATL plans first

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Latin America (LATAM) has no lithium-ion battery gigafactories despite huge lithium-ion reserves, but CATL’s Mexico announcement could be the first of many, if economic and business drivers fall into place.

There are several reasons why the region has lagged behind other continents, Fitch associate analyst Phoebe O’Hara, who specialises in EV supply chains, told Energy-Storage.news. But various trends mean the firm expects LATAM to grow its battery manufacturing over the long term, although O’Hara said this will probably be limited to Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Brazil.

One big barrier is that, while the continent has a substantial portion of today’s mining activities and the largest reserves in the world, its lithium refining capacity is much weaker, with the vast majority of this done in China.

The fact that having lithium alone is far from enough to foster a domestic battery manufacturing industry was pointed out by one of the proponents of a project in Chile, which has the world’s largest reserves by some distance, which never got off the ground.

That would have been the continent’s first, a title which looks set to be taken by the world’s largest battery manufacturer CATL which recently announced plans to build a facility in Mexico and is currently assessing locations.

It should be stated that there are several facilities producing lithium-ion batteries that are operational today or set to go online later this year, in Bolivia (Quantum Batteries), Argentina (UniLib) and Brazil (BYD) for example. But all are small-scale or attached to an existing niche EV production plant like trucks or buses and not serving the general market.

The lack of a substantial domestic passenger EV market in LATAM is itself another major barrier to the development of lithium-ion gigafactory projects in the region, O’Hara said. EV sales drive the EV production market because it makes sense to sell locally.

“We’re expecting sales of only 60,000 EVs in LATAM this year compared to 7 million in Asia, 1.4 million in North America and 2.7 million in Europe. We are seeing a growth in EV production but not to the extent in the other continents,” O’Hara said.

Adding: “There are also substantial gaps in regulatory frameworks and government support needed for these sorts of projects, and a really high operational risk in general across the continent when you consider the size of the investment needed, generally in the billions of US dollars.”

Argentina does have plans to substantially expand its lithium refining capabilities – with Fitch expecting it to double its share of the global lithium refining market by 2027 – and a battery manufacturing plant launching later this year may be a sign of things to come.

Sometimes referred to as UniLib, the plant in Buenos Aires has space for an eventual annual production capacity of 13GWh and is a collaboration between a host of state-owned companies and organisations including the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MINCyT). It will initially serve the needs of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Production of the Province of Buenos Aires.

And while the presence of lithium reserves in LATAM has not been enough to onshore downstream parts of the lithium-ion battery supply chain, the skyrocketing price of the metal has led some companies reliant on to make direct investments into the region to have more control over the crucial material. Their presence in the market could be arguably make them more likely to consider local battery production sites too in the long-run, assuming the other economic and business factors fall into place.

“In the last year alone we’ve seen eight investments into lithium mining in LATAM directly by automakers or battery manufacturers to ensure their supply in the region,” O’Hara said.

“The need for lithium is making it really important to have a foothold in the region and I think as EV demand picks up, which we expect to happen over the 2020s, there will be a lot more EV production sites and a lot more gigafactories that will be needed to supply those factories.”

More gigafactories producing lithium-ion battery cells, even if primarily for EVs, will help ease up bottlenecks in supply. Energy-Storage.news has heard from multiple sources that most battery cell manufacturers are sold out for the next two years.

And the continent’s close access to lithium and – in the long-run – more refining capabilities should mean it does not face the same sorts of shortages that some analysts have said mean some of Europe’s gigafactories will need to change their planned battery chemistry.



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25MW BESS in Germany using second use battery cells completed

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A 25W battery energy storage facility in Germany with used battery cells from EVs together with forklifts has been accomplished by developer JT Energy Programs.

The corporate, a three way partnership between battery producer Triathlon and logistics agency Jungheinrich AG, opened the finished facility final week (30 September), claiming it’s the largest battery system in Saxony and probably the most “highly effective of its sort”. The beginning of building was introduced in January 2022.

The businesses stated the battery will primarily present load shifting, storing energy in periods of oversupply to later feed again into the grid when it’s wanted.

“Particularly in view of the present energy scarcity, we want environment friendly methods to retailer regenerative energy. Our mega-battery is the best answer for this. The storage system helps stabilise energy costs and make a hit of the energy turnaround,” stated Reinhild Kühne, managing director of JT Energy Programs.

A ‘giant half’ of the ten,000 battery modules constituting the 25MW system come from used lithium-ion batteries, primarily from electric forklifts from Jungheinrich but in addition the passenger EV sector.

“Lithium-ion batteries can typically be used for longer than the electrical autos during which they’re put in. Stationary energy storage methods just like the one we’ve in Freiberg are the logical consequence in an effort to proceed to make use of the batteries sensibly for a very long time to come back,” Kühne added.

The battery storage facility was deliberate and constructed by companion firm TRICERA energy, which Energy-Storage.information not too long ago interviewed, amongst others, for a special report on the German utility-scale energy storage market. TRICERA specialises in constructing methods utilizing EV batteries, which COO Lars Fallant said is possible thanks to the large existing automotive sector in Germany.

Kühne stated: “Because of the quickly growing share of electrical autos with lithium-ion batteries over the previous few years, JT Energy Programs anticipates a rising variety of battery capacities sooner or later that will probably be used for a second life in stationary storage.”

While the residential and business and industrial (C&I) sectors have remained robust, the utility-scale market in Germany has been gradual lately with just 32MW installed in 2021 according to one study.

However 2022 is definite to eclipse that determine considerably. Projects reported on by Energy-Storage.news which have already come on-line (together with JT’s), or are anticipated to imminently, whole round 180MW. That’s near the file 200MW deployed in 2018 in accordance with analysis agency Delta-EE, which expects it to be crushed this 12 months.



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‘Transformational change is not easy’: Fluence head of commercial Kiran Kumaraswamy at RE+ 2022

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'Transformational change is not easy': Fluence head of commercial Kiran Kumaraswamy at RE+ 2022


A few weeks in the past, Energy-Storage.information met with main figures from the energy storage trade at RE+ 2022, the commerce exhibition and convention combining the {Solar} Energy Worldwide and Energy Storage Worldwide occasions underneath one, very huge roof at Anaheim Conference Heart in California.

Battery storage know-how supplier Fluence formally launched in 2017 as a three way partnership by AES Company and Siemens, two firms that already staked a declare to be energy storage pioneers with rising choices and buyer orders.

Quite a bit has modified since then, not only for the corporate, which booked practically 1,500MWh of customer orders in the first nine months of 2022, however for the trade as a complete.

For normal readers of this website, a lot of these modifications shall be well-known. From the best way lithium battery costs fell and fell for years earlier than the rise in demand converged with pandemic-driven logistics challenges to arrest that decline, to how energy storage is lastly turning into recognised world wide as an vital device within the energy transition, unlocking some – if not but all – of its potential.  

We start our collection of ‘in dialog’ articles with a chat with Kiran Kumaraswamy, Fluence’s VP of progress and head of economic.

On the opening day of the present, we noticed you talking on a panel about long-duration energy storage (LDES). There has undoubtedly been enormous curiosity in LDES on the present and across the trade. One in every of your ideas was that LDES applied sciences want to have the ability to show qualities that transcend, or are essentially completely different, to what lithium-ion affords.

Kiran Kumaraswamy: Typically, the volatility in lithium pricing has additionally sparked a renewed type of interest on the non-lithium technology side, which is real.

However with a view to be of excessive worth within the phase, it’s important to work out what sort of market wants these applied sciences tackle, and there are specific use circumstances that really have loads of promise.

Like on the transmission aspect, utilizing energy storage as a transmission asset, and on offering, let’s say, 24/7, or ‘around-the-clock’, renewable energy utilizing the mixture of assets, wind, {solar} and storage to create some sort of hybrid system that may ship full renewable energy throughout a complete spectrum of time.

The acute case of that may very well be that you just do this with time matched renewables additionally, in order that it’s not that you just’re on a mean offering 24/7, however you’ve got matching timestamps, and also you’re delivering it 24/7.

The strategy that lengthy length has to doubtlessly take is to determine the market software that makes probably the most quantity of sense. It’s very probably that both the market assemble or the principles are usually not in place for this know-how to get awarded appropriately within the market. However upon getting a really robust view on the worth proposition that you just convey to the grid, with the long-duration storage, then you definately go work out methods to make that occur within the market.

It appears like one thing Fluence is wanting very intently at. How a lot of a limiting issue is bankability for a few of these newer applied sciences?

Bankability is an enormous limiting piece, actually. Lithium has a big benefit in that it has a really deep provide chain, and banks which might be keen to face behind that, and so it’s a kind of hurdles that the alternate non-lithium know-how base has to beat.

Once more, in the event you coalesce round what the use case is after which enhance the know-how out via its first few installations, that in all probability is a pathway in the direction of getting there, however it’s actually a hurdle to beat.

One supply a short time in the past advised us that the Inflation Discount Act (IRA) could be a boost for those alternative technologies. The IRA will introduce an funding tax credit score (ITC) incentive programme for standalone energy storage, together with home manufacturing incentives from the IRA and different laws just like the Bipartisan Infrastructure Regulation. We’ll have to attend and see what the small print across the ITC shall be, however what are your ideas on the IRA, which we noticed you’d celebrated the passing of, at a particular White Home occasion lately?

I feel it’s outstanding what we’ve achieved on the IRA itself. It’s 10 years of certainty that we’ve developed for this whole market. You may see it within the posture of individuals on the present. Individuals are beaming with confidence, and it’s outstanding to see. I used to be advised that there’s 20,000 individuals right here (the ultimate attendance figures at RE+ turned out to be in extra of 27,000).

Getting the standalone storage investment tax credit was a large victory for us. What you’ve got for the primary time is a decoupling of growth timeframes from having to fret about solely interconnection points on the storage aspect.

As a result of beforehand, in the event you did renewables-plus-storage, you’ll take into consideration growth from the attitude of getting land, and getting permits, and going via interconnection in a mixed vogue to avail the ITCs.

Now you’ve got a distinct dynamic since you’ve decoupled the {solar} growth pathway and storage doesn’t require as a lot land as {solar} does. The one piece that you just now have to resolve is that this interconnection piece, which takes fairly a very long time, however it’s a really completely different dynamic to resolve for.

How that really exhibits up within the market, we’ve to attend and watch over the course of the following 18 to 24 months, when it comes to what dynamic that it creates. That’s one influence of IRA.

The opposite one is that the influence of the IRA on the goal addressable marketplace for energy storage is critical in america. I feel that our main analysts’ estimates say that the marketplace for standalone energy storage goes to go as much as one thing like 140GW [cumulative installations] by 2030. It was [forecast at] round 70GW to 75GW beforehand.

The market has principally doubled. That’s extraordinary, it places this market at a spot that no one ever thought it could be.

How do you assume the trade will adapt to the altering dynamics of the market?

There’s going to be many, many performs oriented round how individuals develop their industrial go-to-market, how individuals develop know-how pathways, how enterprise fashions evolve over time, how firms benefit from the direct pay, as a result of they don’t want a tax fairness associate for the primary time.

All of these should type within the subsequent 18 to 24 months. Individuals are nonetheless wrapping their head round most of the sides of what the IRAs provisions are, determining choices on easy methods to place themselves on every of those components, whether or not it’s on the industrial go-to-market, know-how aspect, on enterprise fashions to transact, financials, all of it collectively.

That signifies that on the know-how aspect too, firms shall be easy methods to develop extra home manufacturing, and easy methods to supply many of those supplies in a way that maximises the utilization of those obtainable ITCs.

Fluence, as an example, we’ve announced our manufacturing of some of the products in the US and so we’re working with a associate to really make this occur. I feel it’s going to be a really thrilling time.

What kind of stage of vertical integration may Fluence goal with that technique?

A few of that shall be confidential data, however we’re actually US manufacturing of a few of the merchandise.

Presumably a few of the selections round that will even be made slightly later, as soon as the corporate is aware of how the incentives will work for producing or utilizing US-made content material?

I feel so. One different factor I discovered from my trip to the White House is that the period of time that it’d take for the IRS to place out precise steerage on this subject may really be fairly vital.

They should draft loads of clarifications on the principles. The legislation is signed proper now, however the intent of the legislation has to point out up in any guidelines the IRS and Treasury Division really write down.

How lengthy that takes is anyone’s guess. In right now’s market, it may take six months, it may take eight months, it may take 12 months. No person is aware of, and that’s going to have an effect on what’s relevant and what’s not occurring for this credit score.

Fluence is clearly a worldwide firm, with initiatives in varied markets world wide. In Europe it’s been fascinating to see the 200MW/200MWh of battery storage across four separate systems the company is supplying in Lithuania take form for transmission operator LitGrid. It’s a uncommon instance of energy storage getting used as a transmission system asset.

That’s an vital mission that began not lengthy earlier than Russia’s invasion of the Ukraine, with Lithuania and different Baltic nations aiming for higher grid synchronisation with each other and with Europe lengthy earlier than the struggle started. What is that this mission – and maybe others prefer it – proving?

As an organization, we’re investing in growing product and know-how capabilities within the phase on storage as a transmission asset.

Broadly, inside Europe, we see that software catching loads of traction. The curiosity by the transmission proudly owning firms to utilise energy storage so as to add reliability, and resiliency for the system is rising.

Give it some thought this fashion, the issue that we clear up on the era aspect, and the issue that we clear up on the transmission aspect, are similar.

We construct era and transmission for the one-hour peak that occurs in 8,760 hours (of the 12 months in whole). We construct the church for Christmas Day: it’s so massive, as a result of throughout Christmas Day, we would like everyone to get a seat, no one has to face. On Christmas Day, it’s excellent, however some other day it’s too huge.

Whether or not it’s the era aspect, the place you construct peaking era crops, or on the transmission aspect, the place you construct transmission strains to fulfill the height, the issue is similar.

So, the following time you’re investing in, let’s say a US$300 million to US$500 million transmission mission, individuals must ask if there was a extra environment friendly method of fixing these issues. Now, that’s to not say that you just don’t want spine transmission. There’s loads of transmission that we have to construct in all elements of the world, however we additionally should constantly preserve asking the query, how can we enhance the utilisation of the prevailing transmission grid?

That’s the place the usage of know-how like quick performing battery energy storage has enormous potential.

I suppose it’s honest to say any kind of transmission infrastructure funding selections shall be made on a cautious foundation, and Fluence is bullish on the potential of batteries as a transmission asset. What are the limiting components storage faces in penetrating that market alternative?

I feel the regulatory issues are the limiting issue. That is an space the place having laws that make clear the usage of storage for this software could be extremely useful in a market just like the US.

It’s a slow-moving market, in that, for instance, the GridBoosters (transmission level projects in Germany for TSOs) have been in growth the final two years or three years, they’re simply starting to transact proper now. Chile has something similar to that too.

It’s a unprecedented worth proposition, however these items take time, as a result of they should make their method into the nationwide or regional transmission growth plan after which they should be accepted by the regulatory physique in these areas or in these nations, after which they should be procured and put into service.

It’s a protracted cycle however I’m nonetheless tremendous enthusiastic about it. Why? Due to the transformational energy that it brings for us so as to add resiliency to the electrical grid and use energy grids extra effectively.

Being transformational requires you to do these trade-offs – you may’t obtain a transformational change with out them. Transformational change will not be straightforward.

And if I take a look at the US, in most elements of the US grid this software has vital potential.



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