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Electric car charging stations is seen at a carpark in Auckland, New Zealand, on July 1, 2021. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions the federal government introduced Monday, Could 16, 2022. Credit score: Jason Oxenham/New Zealand Herald by way of AP

New Zealand’s authorities mentioned Monday it would assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions.

The federal government mentioned it plans to spend 569 million New Zealand {dollars} ($357 million) on the trial program as half of a bigger plan that features subsidies for companies to scale back emissions, a change to a wholly green bus fleet by 2035 and curbside food-waste assortment for many properties by the top of the last decade.

“It is a landmark day in our transition to a low emissions future,” Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern mentioned in an announcement. “We have all seen the on sea stage rise and its impression proper right here in New Zealand. We can not go away the difficulty of till it is too late to repair.”

The plan represents a step towards the pledges the nation made beneath the 2016 Paris Settlement on local weather change and New Zealand’s said objective of reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

Ardern, who was scheduled to launch the plan however cancelled after testing constructive for COVID-19 late final week, mentioned each neighborhood and sector had a task to play and that decreasing reliance on would assist protect households from unstable value hikes.

New Zealand to help pay for cleaner cars to reduce emissions
Heavy site visitors clogs a motorway out of Auckland on Dec. 25, 2021. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions the federal government introduced Monday Could 16, 2022. Credit score: Brett Phibbs/ NZ Herald {photograph} by way of AP

The plan additionally units a goal of decreasing complete automobile journey by 20% over the subsequent 13 years by providing higher transportation choices in cities in addition to improved choices for cyclists and walkers.

The packages will probably be paid for from a 4.5 billion New Zealand greenback ($2.8 billion) local weather emergency response fund. Officers mentioned that over time, cash collected from polluters would pay for the packages reasonably than taxes from households.

However the plan remained brief on some particulars, together with for the gasoline guzzler alternative plan which the federal government mentioned could be finalized over the approaching months.

And a few critics mentioned it continued to provide a straightforward experience to the nation’s enormous agriculture trade, which creates about half of the nation’s complete however can also be very important to the financial system because the nation’s largest export earner.

  • New Zealand to help pay for cleaner cars to reduce emissions
    New Zealand Local weather Change Minister James Shaw declares the federal government’s emissions discount plan at Parliament in Wellington, New Zealand Monday, Could 16, 2022. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions. Credit score: Mark Mitchel/ NZ Herald by way of AP
  • New Zealand to help pay for cleaner cars to reduce emissions
    Electric car charging station is proven at a carpark in Auckland, New Zealand, July 1, 2021. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions the federal government introduced Monday, Could 16, 2022. Credit score: Jason Oxenham/New Zealand Herald by way of AP
  • New Zealand to help pay for cleaner cars to reduce emissions
    New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister Grant Robertson, centre, walks with ministers James Shaw, left, Michael Wooden, second left, Damien O’Connor, second proper, and Megan Woods earlier than asserting the federal government’s emissions discount plan at Parliament in Wellington, New Zealand Monday, Could 16, 2022. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions. Credit score: Mark Mitchel/ NZ Herald by way of AP
  • New Zealand to help pay for cleaner cars to reduce emissions
    Electric car charging station and automobile share parking are seen in Auckland, New Zealand, on Aug. 12, 2021. New Zealand will assist pay for lower-income households to scrap their outdated gasoline guzzlers and change them with cleaner hybrid or electric vehicles as a part of a sweeping plan to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions the federal government introduced Monday Could 16, 2022. Credit score: Michael Craig/ NZ Herald {photograph} by way of AP

“Among the insurance policies introduced, just like the cash-for-clunkers system, are confirmed to be canines and have been tried and failed abroad,” mentioned David Seymour, chief of the libertarian ACT Celebration.

Seymour mentioned shoppers ought to be capable of select how they scale back emissions by the market-based emissions buying and selling scheme.


Under-pressure New Zealand sets out carbon-zero plan


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Omnispace Launches Spark-2 Satellite into Orbit

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Omnispace Launches Spark-2 Satellite into Orbit


Idea: American non-geostationary satellite tv for pc constellation and cell networks startup Omnispace and French house techniques firm Thales Alenia Area have launched and delivered Omnispace Spark-2 satellite tv for pc into orbit. This preliminary section of deployment for supply of the 5G succesful community marks the completion of the deployment section of the “Omnispace Spark” program.

Nature of Disruption: Omnispace Spark-2 is a non-geostationary (NGSO) satellite tv for pc constellation in low-earth orbit (LEO) and may function within the n256 third Technology Partnership Undertaking (3GPP) band. It’s standardized for non-terrestrial community (NTN) operation and may globally permit direct connectivity to enterprise and authorities Web of Issues (IoT) and shopper gadgets. Omnispace claims that the Omnispace Spark-2 can assist in constructing a worldwide 5G community. The payload antennas can be utilized to supply a direct connection whatever the consumer’s location. 5G cell connectivity from a single world community can remodel industries and act because the communications infrastructure that may allow Twenty first-century digital economies. Cell community operators, their shoppers, and companions can leverage the community to drive innovation, energy industries, and hyperlink billions of individuals. Omnispace Spark-2 can be utilized to advance and validate the event and implementation of Omnispace’s world NTN.

Outlook: Geostationary (GSO) satellites orbit the Earth at a peak of 36,000 kilometers the place they appear mounted within the sky when considered from the bottom. NGSO satellites are situated between 8,000 and 20,000 kilometers above the Earth in medium earth orbits (MEO) and 400 to 2000 kilometers above the Earth in low Earth orbits (LEO). NGSO operators want to put in a fleet of satellites, often known as constellations, to supply steady service from excessive altitudes since non-GSO satellites transfer throughout the sky all through their orbit across the Earth. Omnispace Spark-2 can provide 5G capabilities in Omnispace’s NTN. Thales Alenia Area has designed and developed the Omnispace Spark satellites in collaboration with NanoAvionics, ANYWAVES, and Syrlinks. The satellite tv for pc was delivered into orbit by Exolaunch aboard a SpaceX Transporter mission. In February 2021, Omnispace has raised $60 million in fairness financing led by Fortress Funding Group. The startup has accrued $140 million in funding over 5 rounds. It goals to make the most of these funds for the event of its 5G NTN and expands its 2 GHz spectrum footprint in key markets globally.

This text was initially revealed in Verdict.co.uk

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These energy-packed batteries work well in extreme cold and heat

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A new way to store sustainable energy: 'Information batteries'


Credit score: CC0 Public Area

Engineers on the College of California San Diego have developed lithium-ion batteries that carry out nicely at freezing chilly and scorching sizzling temperatures, whereas packing numerous energy. The researchers achieved this feat by growing an electrolyte that’s not solely versatile and strong all through a large temperature vary, but additionally suitable with a excessive energy anode and cathode.

The temperature-resilient batteries are described in a paper revealed the week of July 4 in Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Such batteries may permit electric autos in to journey farther on a single cost; they may additionally scale back the necessity for cooling techniques to maintain the autos’ from overheating in sizzling climates, stated Zheng Chen, a professor of nanoengineering on the UC San Diego Jacobs Faculty of Engineering and senior creator of the research.

“You want excessive temperature operation in areas the place the can attain the triple digits and the roads get even hotter. In electric autos, the battery packs are sometimes underneath the ground, shut to those sizzling roads,” defined Chen, who can be a college member of the UC San Diego Sustainable Energy and Energy Heart. “Additionally, batteries heat up simply from having a present run via throughout operation. If the batteries can not tolerate this warmup at excessive temperature, their efficiency will rapidly degrade.”

In exams, the proof-of-concept batteries retained 87.5% and 115.9% of their energy capability at -40 and 50 C (-40 and 122 F), respectively. Additionally they had excessive Coulombic efficiencies of 98.2% and 98.7% at these temperatures, respectively, which implies the batteries can bear extra cost and earlier than they cease working.

The batteries that Chen and colleagues developed are each chilly and warmth tolerant due to their electrolyte. It’s manufactured from a liquid answer of dibutyl ether blended with a lithium salt. A particular characteristic about dibutyl ether is that its molecules bind weakly to lithium ions. In different phrases, the electrolyte molecules can simply let go of lithium ions because the battery runs. This weak molecular interplay, the researchers had found in a previous study, improves battery efficiency at sub-zero temperatures. Plus, dibutyl ether can simply take the warmth as a result of it stays liquid at excessive temperatures (it has a boiling level of 141 C, or 286 F).

Stabilizing lithium-sulfur chemistries

What’s additionally particular about this electrolyte is that it’s suitable with a , which is a kind of rechargeable battery that has an anode manufactured from lithium steel and a cathode manufactured from sulfur. Lithium-sulfur batteries are a necessary a part of next-generation battery applied sciences as a result of they promise increased energy densities and decrease prices. They will retailer as much as two instances extra energy per kilogram than at present’s —this might double the vary of with none enhance within the weight of the battery pack. Additionally, sulfur is extra plentiful and fewer problematic to supply than the cobalt utilized in conventional lithium-ion battery cathodes.

However there are issues with lithium-sulfur batteries. Each the cathode and anode are tremendous reactive. Sulfur cathodes are so reactive that they dissolve throughout battery operation. This situation will get worse at excessive temperatures. And lithium steel anodes are liable to forming needle-like buildings known as dendrites that may pierce components of the battery, inflicting it to short-circuit. In consequence, lithium-sulfur batteries solely last as long as tens of cycles.

“If you need a battery with excessive energy density, you sometimes want to make use of very harsh, difficult chemistry,” stated Chen. “Excessive energy means extra reactions are taking place, which implies much less stability, extra degradation. Making a high-energy battery that’s secure is a tough process itself—making an attempt to do that via a large temperature vary is much more difficult.”

The dibutyl ether electrolyte developed by the UC San Diego workforce prevents these points, even at excessive and low temperatures. The batteries they examined had for much longer biking lives than a typical lithium-sulfur battery. “Our electrolyte helps enhance each the cathode facet and anode facet whereas offering excessive conductivity and interfacial stability,” stated Chen.

The workforce additionally engineered the sulfur cathode to be extra secure by grafting it to a polymer. This prevents extra sulfur from dissolving into the electrolyte.

Subsequent steps embody scaling up the chemistry, optimizing it to work at even increased temperatures and additional extending cycle life.

The paper is titled “Solvent choice standards for -resilient lithium-sulfur batteries.” Co-authors embody Guorui Cai, John Holoubek, Mingqian Li, Hongpeng Gao, Yijie Yin, Sicen Yu, Haodong Liu, Tod A. Pascal and Ping Liu, all at UC San Diego.


Organic/inorganic sulfur may be key for safe rechargeable lithium batteries


Extra data:
Solvent choice standards for temperature-resilient lithium–sulfur batteries, Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences (2022). doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2200392119

Quotation:
These energy-packed batteries work nicely in excessive chilly and warmth (2022, July 4)
retrieved 4 July 2022
from https://techxplore.com/information/2022-07-energy-packed-batteries-extreme-cold.html

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half could also be reproduced with out the written permission. The content material is supplied for data functions solely.





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Magnum Power Plant, Netherlands

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Magnum Power Plant, Netherlands


The Magnum energy plant is positioned in Groningen Province, the Netherlands.

The Magnum energy plant contains three 440MW combined-cycle models. Credit score: Koos Boertjens / Vattenfall.

RWE agreed to accumulate the facility plant in June 2022. Credit score: Vattenfall.

The Magnum energy plant shall be transformed right into a hydrogen-fuelled energy technology facility. Credit score: Sander van der Werf / Shutterstock.

The 1.41GW Magnum combined-cycle fuel turbine (CCGT) energy plant is positioned at Eemshaven within the Groningen province, the Netherlands.

The gas-fired energy plant was beforehand generally known as the Nuon Magnum energy plant. The title change to Magnum occurred after Vattenfall renamed its Dutch subsidiary Nuon to Vattenfall in October 2018 in a bid to unite its model throughout Europe.

Operational since 2013, the Magnum energy plant makes use of pure fuel as its major gasoline for energy technology. It generates sufficient electrical energy to satisfy the calls for of two million Dutch households a day.

Possession particulars

Vattenfall owns a 100% curiosity within the energy plant. In June 2022, the corporate reached an settlement to promote the plant to RWE, a multinational energy firm, for €500m ($534.51m). The transaction is anticipated to be accomplished by the tip of September 2022.

The acquisition settlement additionally features a 5.6MW {solar} park on the Magnum venture website.

A hydrogen conversion venture can be being thought-about, which might convert one of many models to completely run on hydrogen by 2023. It’s anticipated that the plant will run solely on hydrogen by 2030.

Improvement historical past

The Magnum energy plant was initially deliberate for growth as an built-in gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant. The unique design was based mostly on using assorted fuels, reminiscent of coal, petroleum and biomass, for energy technology.

Building of the plant was began in 2007 however postponed in Might 2008 on account of delays in acquiring environmental permits.

The developer subsequently obtained the required permits from the authorities and restarted building in September 2009.

The venture growth was deliberate in two phases. Part I concerned the development of a pure gas-fired combined-cycle energy plant, which was to be transformed into an IGCC plant throughout Part II. Part II would make use of the coal gasification technique utilizing syngas derived from coal.

In April 2011, Nuon determined to postpone Part II on account of an increase in uncooked materials costs and pending negotiations with environmentalists. The plan was scrapped altogether in March 2016, on account of financial and environmental causes.

The primary unit of the plant was commissioned in 2013.

Plant location and make-up

The facility plant is positioned on the Energy Park Eemshaven, an industrial space devoted to energy-related companies.

Eemshaven was chosen as the location for the facility plant in July 2006 because it gives cooling water, which is important for the gasification course of. One more reason for the placement selection was that the Eemshaven port infrastructure services would help the gasoline imports required for the facility plant.

The plant contains three 440MW combined-cycle models. Every unit consists of a warmth restoration steam generator, gas turbine, steam turbine and generator.

The MHI 701F4 fuel turbine in every unit converts pure fuel into mechanical energy and sizzling flue gases.

Grid community

Because the nationwide grid operator within the Netherlands, TenneT sanctioned the required connection for the Magnum energy plant to the 380kV high-voltage grid in 2007.

Nuon entered the contract with TenneT in January 2007. TenneT’s grid supervisor accomplished the 380kV station in 2009.

Because the Dutch grid couldn’t help the brand new electrical energy manufacturing of 1,200MW at Nuon’s plant, TenneT offered the required transmission facility.

Groningen Seaports and TenneT helped Nuon finalise the 4km route for the high-voltage overground connection, which comprised two circuits. The route connects the 380kV TenneT station to the one on the Magnum plant.

In Might 2016, Tennet was additionally appointed to implement a black begin facility on the energy plant. The black begin facility serves as a restoration facility to make sure the restoration of energy to the high-voltage grid in a black-out state of affairs. It features a fuel turbine generator, diesel generator and one of many three combined-cycle models of the venture.

Conversion right into a hydrogen-based plant

Nuon, Gasunie and Equinor (previously Statoil) signed a memorandum of understanding to discover the chance of changing the venture right into a hydrogen-based, carbon-free energy plant in July 2017. The hydrogen conversion venture is anticipated to scale back carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions by as much as 4 million tonnes a yr.

Mitsubisi Hitachi Energy Methods (MHPS) was engaged to help the hydrogen conversion venture in March 2018. The contractual scope consists of learning the technical feasibility of utilizing hydrogen because the gasoline for the plant.

Gasunie was chosen to undertake analysis associated to the transportation and storage of hydrogen, whereas Equinor was engaged to transform pure fuel into hydrogen and CO₂.

Mixed energy storage and hydrogen facility

Battolyser, a three way partnership of Delft College of Know-how and Proton Ventures, intends to determine a mixed energy storage and hydrogen manufacturing facility on the energy plant.

It acquired a grant price €480,000 ($566,996) from the Waddenfonds basis for the development of a pilot energy storage and hydrogen manufacturing facility in June 2018.

Battolyser deliberate to put in the primary 15kW/15kWh on the venture energy plant in 2021. It’s going to act as a battery to retailer or provide electrical energy and use an electrolysis course of to transform water into hydrogen and oxygen.

Contractors

Nuon awarded a €1bn ($1.48bn) contract to the Mitsubishi Group for the development of the gas-fired a part of the facility plant in February 2008.

As the principle contractor, Mitsubishi managed your entire venture and engaged subcontractors to execute the venture. The subcontractors included Ballast Nedam, NEM, ABB and Fabricom, Irem, Pontecelli (FIP).

Ballast Nedam performed civil works and NEM was engaged within the building of the boilers. FIP was concerned within the mechanical building, whereas ABB carried out high-voltage electrical installations.

convex ZT, an Austrian firm, was contracted for the civil design works for the venture.

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