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The backers of the Nice Lakes’ first offshore wind farm are working to reboot the challenge following an Ohio Supreme Courtroom resolution this week that resolves greater than two years of authorized and regulatory uncertainty.

The Icebreaker Wind challenge was first proposed greater than a decade in the past by a public-private partnership in northern Ohio. The 20.7-megawatt challenge will include six generators put in about 8 miles north of Cleveland.

The challenge has been largely mothballed since Might 2020, when state regulators accredited a allow for the challenge with a “poison tablet” provision that will have saved it from working for a lot of the 12 months. That set off months of authorized and regulatory appeals that have been lastly resolved by a 6-1 decision Wednesday by the Ohio Supreme Courtroom.

“Regardless of the excellent news at the moment, it’ll be difficult to get this challenge rolling ahead once more,” mentioned Will Friedman, president and CEO of the Port of Cleveland and a board member of LEEDCo, the Lake Erie Energy Improvement Company, which was shaped in 2009 to launch the challenge.

The challenge has a dedication from town of Cleveland and Cuyahoga County to buy one-third of the electrical energy, however efforts to promote the remaining two-thirds have been placed on maintain amid the authorized challenges. With out commitments to purchase all the electrical energy, it’s unlikely the challenge will be capable to borrow cash for upfront building prices.

In the meantime, the challenge’s lead officer, Dave Karpinski, left his position as president final summer time for one more job. Different key employees members have retired. Friedman mentioned one of many first priorities within the wake of the court docket ruling will contain staffing. Fred. Olsen Renewables stays contracted as a developer for the challenge.

As america’ first freshwater-based wind farm, Icebreaker is a pilot challenge. The challenge caught a break in January when the U.S. Division of Energy prolonged a deadline for LEEDCo to make use of earlier grant cash. Further funding shall be needed even when the promoters get commitments to promote all of the output at market charges. 

“It’s R&D, is what it’s,” Friedman mentioned.

“We wish to get on the market and get these generators within the water and begin producing energy and present that that is possible,” Friedman mentioned. “After which when that occurs, then we are able to let the market sort of are available. And hopefully we might see what’s occurring on the East Coast the place bigger utility-scale tasks are shifting forward.”

Ohio’s Republican caucus rejected a proposed surcharge for Northeast Ohio ratepayers to subsidize the challenge final December. The cost of roughly 20 cents monthly would have been an modification to House Bill 389, a bipartisan invoice that seeks to revive some energy efficiency programs that have been minimize after House Bill 6, the regulation on the coronary heart of Ohio’s ongoing corruption scandal.

“And so right here we’re in Ohio, doing it with type of two legs of a three-legged stool,” Friedman mentioned. “We’ve received native individuals engaged on this and the federal authorities partnering within the challenge. However the state is absent, and that simply stays very difficult.”

Different challenges embrace revisiting engineering plans, to see if any updates are needed. Prices additionally will want updating, Friedman mentioned. And revised efforts will feed again into efforts to boost capital.

Even when all of that’s in place, the allow comprises varied necessities and situations that may have to be glad. Consequently, Friedman couldn’t but give a agency timeline for when the challenge could be constructed and operational.

Fossil gasoline opposition

LEEDCo’s authorized existence as a public-private nonprofit partnership stretches again to its incorporation in 2009 because the Lake Erie Energy Improvement Company. Justice Jennifer Brunner, who penned the Ohio Supreme Courtroom’s majority opinion final week, was Ohio Secretary of State on the time. She’s now operating for Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Courtroom in opposition to Justice Sharon Kennedy, who forged the one dissenting vote in opposition to the Icebreaker challenge.

Regardless of funding setbacks in 2014, the challenge’s supporters pushed forward with planning and environmental research. Icebreaker’s accomplished allow utility was filed with the Ohio Energy Siting Board in 2016. Planners hoped building would happen in 2018.

In 2017, nevertheless, legal professional John Inventory, who had represented Murray Energy in different issues, appeared within the case on behalf of a pro-coal group after which acted because the lawyer for a number of people who opposed the challenge. Inventory adopted an analogous sample in different Ohio wind farm siting instances.

Documents uncovered by pre-hearing fact-finding confirmed that Murray Energy paid the people’ prices for combating the Icebreaker wind challenge. Funds continued for a minimum of a while after the coal firm filed for bankruptcy in late 2019. American Consolidated Pure Sources, Inc., the corporate’s successor-in-bankruptcy, did not respond final 12 months when requested if it had continued to pay for authorized charges within the case.

“The fossil gasoline trade continues to hamper renewable energy improvement in Ohio,” mentioned Trish Demeter, interim govt director for the Ohio Environmental Council, which was a celebration within the proceedings. “On this case, Murray Energy funded authorized opposition to thwart the event of Icebreaker Wind, however they failed in stopping this progressive challenge from clearing one other hurdle.” Nonetheless, she famous, “the continuing authorized challenges almost definitely led to some slowdowns in securing funding and planning of the challenge.”

By 2019, all events besides Inventory’s shoppers had nonetheless agreed on a settlement, which included extra environmental protections comparable to extra pre-construction monitoring. Then, Gov. Mike DeWine made wind-energy foe Sam Randazzo chair of the Energy Siting Board and Ohio Public Utilities Fee. FirstEnergy admitted final 12 months that it paid $4.3 million to a Randazzo-linked firm shortly earlier than that appointment, though Randazzo has denied wrongdoing.

Two months earlier than the primary arrests within the HB 6 scandal, Randazzo and the remainder of the Energy Siting Board accredited a allow for the Icebreaker challenge, however with a “poison pill” provision that will have shut the challenge down for two-thirds of the 12 months. A bipartisan group of 32 lawmakers objected, and LEEDCo and others requested for reconsideration.

The board lastly eliminated the situation and approved the allow in October 2020, roughly one month earlier than Randazzo resigned from the board following a search of his house by federal brokers. Then the person defendants appealed to the Ohio Supreme Courtroom. Briefs have been filed in July 2021, however the judges didn’t hear oral argument till December. Then it took one other eight months earlier than the choice got here out.

Shifting forward

Even with all of the drawbacks, Friedman stays optimistic. “It’s simple that there’s an crucial to develop non-fossil-based energy as shortly as we are able to,” he mentioned. A minimum of one estimate suggests the U.S. offshore wind provide chain may develop right into a $70 billion trade, and he would really like Northeast Ohio to have its share of that progress.

“It’s the appropriate environmental coverage, and it’s the appropriate financial coverage, for positive,” Friedman mentioned. As he sees it, the work may present 1000’s of jobs, lots of which might profit the Port of Cleveland and surrounding areas. “We simply see that as proper in our wheelhouse,” he mentioned.

“It’s our hope that LEEDCo can now resume promoting the rest of the ability and switch this dream right into a actuality,” mentioned Ronn Richard, LEEDCo board chair and chief govt officer for the Cleveland Basis, when the Ohio Supreme Courtroom’s ruling got here out.

In the meantime, Demeter and her colleagues urge the Ohio Energy Siting Board to undertake guidelines from the Ohio Judicial Code of Conduct to legal professional examiners and board members. “The Icebreaker case is a robust reminder of the inappropriate affect the fossil gasoline trade can have on Ohioans’ entry to wash progressive energy,” she mentioned.

The OPSB is accepting feedback from the general public for its present rule evaluate till Sept. 2. Emails might be despatched to with “Reply Remark for 21-0912” within the topic line.

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Energy Efficiency

Rhode Island wrestles with what net-zero goal means for gas



Rhode Island wrestles with what net-zero goal means for gas

Rhode Island utility regulators are starting to contemplate what the state’s mandate to zero out greenhouse fuel emissions by 2050 means for its pure fuel system. 

The state Public Utilities Fee, or PUC, has opened a docket to research the way forward for the fuel distribution enterprise, a response to the passage final 12 months of the Act on Climate.

The investigation may result in “wide-ranging and considerably impactful” adjustments, corresponding to moratoriums on new hookups, incentives for renewable pure fuel, and transitioning clients to various heating fuels like electrical energy, the fee mentioned in its discover of the continuing.

Hank Webster, Rhode Island director for the Acadia Heart, a clear energy advocacy group, mentioned it’s essential for the state to begin this dialogue now. 

“The fuel distribution system is without doubt one of the main sources of greenhouse gasses,” he mentioned. “Each time a brand new fuel connection is made, including to ratepayer prices, it locks in long-term fossil gas use.”

Constructing emissions, together with those who consequence from using pure fuel, account for about 35% of Rhode Island’s whole emissions, based on essentially the most recent state inventory. About half of the state’s households are heated with fuel.

The PUC regulates the fuel system, which is operated by Rhode Island Energy, previously Narragansett Electric till its buy this 12 months by PPL Corp. And underneath the Act on Local weather, all state businesses are required to contemplate local weather impacts within the train of their powers. They’re additionally approved to undertake the laws obligatory to satisfy the greenhouse fuel discount mandate. 

The neighboring state of Massachusetts started a similar study into the way forward for fuel in 2020. However that course of has resulted in sharp criticism from local weather advocates, who say it gave an excessive amount of management to the fuel utilities. Earlier this 12 months, Lawyer Common Maura Healey — who’s operating for governor — filed a scathing set of feedback on the proposals rising, saying the consequence can be an energy system that “pumps extra money into fuel pipelines and props up utility shareholders.”

Massachusetts “virtually wasted a 12 months by placing it within the palms of the utilities to manage issues from the start,” mentioned Larry Chretien, govt director of the Green Energy Shoppers Alliance. “No consensus has been reached, not even shut.” 

The Rhode Island PUC is at the moment seeking public comment on the scope of its fuel docket — what questions the investigation ought to search to reply and what objectives it ought to meet. Chretien mentioned he’s inspired that they “are asking quite a lot of the appropriate questions.” 

The Rhode Island communities of Newport, Portsmouth and Middletown, which collectively comprise Aquidneck Island, have been wrestling with whether or not to broaden or reign in pure fuel since 2019, when system failures resulted within the extended lack of fuel service to greater than 7,000 clients within the bitter winter chilly. The island sits on the finish of the pipeline community, making it extra susceptible to issues. 

Narragansett Electric’s then-parent firm, Nationwide Grid, carried out a study and got here up with quite a lot of potential fixes, together with constructing a second fuel pipeline or new fuel services, or curbing fuel use by energy effectivity measures and warmth pumps. 

The repair the utility is currently proposing is to make everlasting an current liquid pure fuel storage facility in Portsmouth. The power, sited as a short lived measure after the outage, offers peak-shaving capability and backup provide through the winter months. It has been the topic of quite a few complaints from neighbors, as a result of noise and security issues.

The allowing course of for the power, earlier than the Energy Facility Siting Board, “actually needs to be seen by the lens of the Act on Local weather,” Chretien mentioned. “Ultimately, we’re going to have to impress all of the heating. The place do you begin, geographically or in any other case, to get that achieved?”

State Rep. Terri Cortvriend, who represents Middletown and Portsmouth, mentioned she believes the island is a “good demonstration place” for decarbonization efforts. She would love the future-of-gas docket to contemplate authorizing networked geothermal tasks. 

Geothermal programs use underground pipes to faucet the earth’s energy for heating and cooling. Massachusetts has accepted a number of geothermal pilots, including one overseen by Eversource that may set up a networked geothermal system in a bit of a comparatively dense Framingham neighborhood.

“I believe that’s the place the longer term is, as we attempt to section out fuel,” Cortvriend mentioned. “It could be nice to do it on Aquidneck Island.” 

The continuing is predicted to final nicely into 2023. Webster mentioned it’s crucial that the method goes “past a tutorial train” and lays out a particular plan for shifting ahead. 

For instance, he mentioned, the plan ought to handle “will we implement a moratorium on new connections, and if that’s the case, when does that begin? Is it systemwide, or will we concentrate on the residential aspect? When will we cease making the issue worse?”

For its half, PPL Corp. seems extra targeted on shifting towards reducing emissions from fuel technology by investing in new applied sciences. 

In a sustainability report launched final week, the corporate mentioned it has set a purpose to realize net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. In the case of discovering methods to decrease emissions from its fuel distribution operations throughout Kentucky and Rhode Island, the corporate mentioned it’s prioritizing analysis into carbon seize and sequestration, in addition to hydrogen manufacturing and mixing.

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Energy Efficiency

Black-owned companies seek to close electric transportation gaps in Chicago



Black-owned companies seek to close electric transportation gaps in Chicago

The transition to electric automobiles is properly beneath method, however the advantages shall be gradual to reach in communities the place private car ownership is still a luxury.  

Lengthy earlier than app-based ride-hailing companies equivalent to Uber and Lyft, unlicensed cabs known as “jitneys” provided a similar service in Black neighborhoods that standard White-owned taxi corporations steadily refused to serve. As we speak, ride-hailing service is also low in several predominantly Black neighborhoods on Chicago’s Far South Side, corresponding with low charges of family car possession.

Hyperlocal shared trip companies symbolize a possible various. In Chicago, two Black-owned corporations — Jitney EV and GEST Chicago — are positioning themselves to meet that position, whereas additionally attempting to make sure that environmental justice communities aren’t left behind within the transition from fossil fuel-based transportation.

“Submit COVID and on account of local weather change, we now have a once-in-a-lifetime funding in public infrastructure to deal with local weather change and to deal with the transition away from fossil gasoline manufacturing, towards clear energy, each in constructing and transportation. So it’s vital that our neighborhood doesn’t get left behind,” mentioned William “Billy” Davis, common supervisor for Jitney EV. 

Their efforts are particularly concentrating on the “last mile” hole between public transit stops and locations equivalent to grocery shops, banks and leisure, together with offering an choice for dependable transportation to and from work for residents inside its service space, Davis mentioned.

“We’ve got, in Illinois, a transit system that’s required by statute to generate 50% of its working income from the fare field. In order that tends to drive routes based mostly on ridership. And it tends to punish these routes which have low ridership, even when they’re in deprived communities,” Davis mentioned. 

Spreading the phrase about EVs

As a part of the Group of the Future program carried out by Chicago utility firm ComEd, Jitney EV and Bronzeville Group Growth Partnership launched the Dash EV pilot program in late 2017, that includes a single Innova EV Sprint car that would journey as much as 35 mph, with a 150-mile vary between expenses. The continued COVID-19 pandemic has hampered plans for enlargement past the preliminary pilot, however Jitney EV nonetheless plans to launch a full-scale operation sooner or later, in keeping with Davis. 

Within the meantime, Jitney EV collaborates with companies like GEST Chicago, viewing these operations not as competitors however as one other hyperlink to fill the transportation gaps which are so prevalent in environmental justice communities, Davis mentioned. 

Green Straightforward Protected Transportation (GEST) Carts, an advertising-supported service providing free rides in multi-passenger electric automobiles, debuted in Cincinnati in 2018 and now operates in Cincinnati, Charlotte, Denver, Detroit, Las Vegas, Scottsdale and Louisville, together with a neighborhood operation in Chicago. GEST Chicago started operations in November 2020.

GEST Chicago gives free, app-based rides on Friday and Saturday evenings and Sunday afternoons, in keeping with its web site, servicing areas in and close to downtown with excessive pedestrian site visitors. Income is generated from a steady stream of sponsors. 

In lots of situations, GEST carts symbolize passengers’ first expertise with electric automobiles, in keeping with Harold Shepard, GEST Chicago’s chief gross sales and operations officer.

“It sort of helps introduce individuals to electrification. And my favourite factor is,  when individuals get within the car, they’re like, ‘Oh that is all electric?’ I’m like, ask me how a lot it prices to fill this factor up. … Final time I charged it, 3 {dollars} and 56 cents,” Shepard mentioned.

‘We’ve got to discover a formulation’

Whereas GEST Chicago presently limits its operations to downtown and predominantly White neighborhoods on the town’s North and Close to West sides, there may be undoubtedly a need to increase into much less prosperous communities with larger BIPOC populations, Shepard mentioned.

“Let’s work with nursing houses and provides them rides to Mariano’s [grocery store] or give them rides to the pharmacy, one thing to get the automobiles on the market so [people] can see them and [we can] entice some sponsors,” Shepard mentioned.

Davis says the companies can coexist with — slightly than change — present transportation modes, however it would take time to work out.

“We’ve got to discover a formulation. Transportation route mapping goes to be pushed by quite a lot of components — it’s tough to foretell precisely what the appropriate mannequin goes to seem like. Suffice it to say, although, that will probably be a mix of on-demand … micro transit, automotive sharing, electric automotive, electric car automotive share, electric buses and trains.” 

Legacy transportation companies like taxicabs — already threatened by ride-hailing companies, may additionally view hyperlocal companies like Jitney EV or GEST Chicago as a risk. However Shepard notes their low-speed automobiles can’t go to the airport or cowl lengthy freeway distances, as an alternative changing the brief journeys that taxi drivers dislike. 

“Please don’t be mad at us. We’re sort of serving to you out. As a substitute of you guys having to be the bar-to-bar locations, we deal with that. So, you’re welcome,” Shepard mentioned.

Critics say that to some extent, selling private electric car possession perpetuates automotive dependence and contributes to sprawl. Outer-ring suburbs and exurbs of huge cities mirror the custom of white flight and intentional segregation through the mid-20th century. These post-World Struggle II developments have been usually intentionally designed with little or no available public transportation — the antithesis of a simply transition and elevated fairness.

Hyperlocal companies may very well be a key issue within the final purpose of not solely eliminating gasoline automobiles, however of decreasing dependence on automobiles within the first place, Davis mentioned. 

“There’s an financial profit. … It will increase shopper spending. It raises requirements of residing. It could manifest in different methods of employee productiveness and satisfaction, might cut back turnover. There’s so many different variables in issue, but it surely must be an financial good to take the burden of transportation off of the employee,” Davis mentioned.

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Energy Efficiency

Can energy justice be measured?



Can energy justice be measured?

It’s solely been a couple of months since a punishing heatwave cloaked Detroit and the encircling suburbs. Temperatures rose above 90 levels for a number of consecutive days, which ignited warnings in regards to the dangers of harmful sicknesses like heatstroke and warmth exhaustion. 

Local weather change makes extreme climate occasions like floods and intense warmth waves extra probably. Researchers predict these life-threatening warmth spells might develop into commonplace in future summers. 

However as policymakers launch initiatives towards large-scale clear energy adoption, researchers and activists are involved that the energy transition could also be unjust and inequitable in low-income, predominantly Black and Brown cities like Detroit. 

That’s why College of Michigan researchers lately launched The Energy Equity Project, a brand new nationwide framework that gives steerage on measuring energy fairness. The venture additionally consists of 148 proposed energy fairness suggestions and sources and steerage on implementing them. Dozens of teachers, energy justice advocates, consultants, and utility specialists, amongst others, additionally helped outline the venture’s key rules and scope. 

Energy fairness prioritizes the wants and views of frontline communities — those that undergo the worst results of local weather change — so they might reap the advantages of ongoing local weather investments, like support for weatherization initiatives which assist fortify houses and companies in opposition to the pummeling of the weather, for instance. 

“I believe individuals realized, ‘Okay, we’re gonna have a ton of investments pouring into the clear energy transition. And we don’t perceive the fairness implications of these,” stated Justin Schott, the Energy Fairness Challenge’s venture supervisor. (Editor’s notice: Schott is a Planet Detroit advisory board member).  

“We don’t have a method of guaranteeing that these gained’t proceed to only enrich whiter and wealthier communities which have mainly secured almost the entire advantages to date, from energy effectivity and clear energy,” Schott added.

Such a blueprint might show extra pressing than ever because the Inflation Discount Act, extensively thought of a watershed second in local weather justice laws, consists of $369 billion in investments and tax credit in clear energy and electric automobiles. 

The venture is predicated on 4 key guiding rules:

  • Recognition — acknowledging the cumulative environmental hazards BIPOC communities confronted over time whereas additionally understanding their vulnerability and wishes throughout the energy system.
  • Procedural — how neighborhood views are built-in into the design, implementation and analysis of energy applications and different decision-making processes.
  • Distributional — how the energy system’s advantages and harms are distributed.
  • Restorative — pathways on therapeutic, accountability, and resilience. 

In line with Schott, one large takeaway is obvious: A flattened, one-size-fits-all strategy gained’t treatment the disparities within the energy system because the local weather disaster surges. 

“Fairness issues have to be broad and holistic,” Schott instructed Planet Detroit. 

As corporations and lawmakers tout the electrical car manufacturing revolution, the first demographic of EV patrons in 2019 was middle-aged White males who make greater than $100,000 every year, maintain at the very least a school diploma, and personal one other car, an Electric Car Council’s Gas Institute analysis found last year

Schott factors to the billions of tax credit set to go to wealthy households for issues like {solar}, electric automobiles and warmth pumps. And whereas some incentives goal lower-income households, Schott is doubtful that the cash will attain them.

“There’s nonetheless [no] proof at this level that they’ll actually have the ability to make the most of this for quite a lot of causes.” 

The framework asks large questions on how the energy system works and the way it may be reworked: Who owns clear energy? How straightforward is it for low-income households and renters to enroll in energy effectivity applications, which scale back energy waste and prices? What might be carried out to higher assist individuals already dwelling in power poverty and going through more and more dearer energy payments? 

For a lot of Detroiters, energy points stay prime of thoughts. A current energy outage noticed 1000’s of DTE residential prospects go for as much as every week with out electrical energy. Outages have shortly develop into recurring occasions, illustrating the energy grid’s lack of resilience after excessive storms. Energy justice activists are preventing one other proposed rate increase this fall. 

Amy Bandyk, the manager director of the Residents Utility Board of Michigan, stated low-income communities and BIPOC communities take care of extra frequent energy outages, much less funding into enhancing their utility service, and in addition pay extra for utility service in comparison with different communities. 

“To even start to repair this case, utilities, regulators and others want new approaches that take the potential impacts on these communities into consideration and can be utilized to guage each coverage resolution,” she stated. “Measurable frameworks just like the one developed by the Energy Fairness Challenge are precisely what utility ratepayers, notably lower-income ratepayers, want to deal with the poor reliability and excessive charges that they at present face.”

An onslaught of energy challenges hit near residence. In Detroit, residents pay some of the highest electricity rates within the nation. And throughout the metro space, households with low-income backgrounds use about 10% of their month-to-month earnings towards energy payments, one analysis found. Something above 6% is taken into account a considerable monetary burden. Such payments stay unaffordable for a big swath of Black and Latinx households dwelling within the space.

However zeroing in on a single measure like energy affordability, Schott stated, isn’t the reply. 

“I believe we’ve seen quite a lot of particular person utilities and states which might be saying, ‘Okay, what’s the one metric we must always undertake for energy fairness? Is that energy burden, the proportion of revenue that persons are spending on energy? Can we simply must make it inexpensive?’ And our response to that’s no — fairness is multi-dimensional.” 

The venture additionally consists of an interactive mapping function, which is amongst a variety of state and federal mapping efforts trying to visualise environmental justice points. The mapping software is anticipated to be launched later this 12 months. 

Utilizing a mixture of information, together with census estimates, this software permits customers to higher perceive the magnitude and geography of energy inequities occurring throughout america. For instance, a consumer will have the ability to determine which BIPOC communities may face hurricane threat or if they’ve a excessive energy burden. 

However Schott acknowledges the venture does have some limitations. 

“So initially, we envisioned having a single fairness rating, and you may simply click on on any census tract and get a percentile from it,” Schott stated. “We weren’t ready to do this as a result of there’s not sufficient information to essentially characterize the entire fairness dimensions. So the primary limitation is, we’re actually quick on information.”

“For example, we’d wish to have a look at demographic illustration of [public utility] commissioners by race or by gender. And that doesn’t exist now,” he added. “So quite a lot of that is form of opening up analysis questions to assist fill these information gaps that we’ve got.” 

For now, the framework’s 200-plus pages could also be dense and overly difficult studying for somebody who doesn’t have subject material experience. 

“Given the complexity of the software, we’re not anticipating individuals to only decide up the framework and have the ability to use it independently,” Schott stated. 

Schott stated the Energy Fairness Challenge is providing coaching over the following 12 months to assist individuals navigate the venture and develop clear energy objectives for his or her communities. 

The venture is basically an accountability software, Schott stated, aiming to equip frontline communities of their ongoing battle for energy justice. 

“They’ll have the ability to use this, I believe, actually to validate what they’ve identified for a very long time, which is that they’ve confronted these disparities, disproportionate share of burdens and obtain only a few of the advantages of energy,” Schott stated.

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