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The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Stellwagen Financial institution Nationwide Marine Sanctuary has efficiently tagged 14 sei whales in waters offshore Massachusetts with digital acoustic expertise. That is the primary time researchers have efficiently tagged an endangered species in the US utilizing an uncrewed aerial car (UAV), or drone.

The collected information will shed vital gentle on the whales’ acoustic conduct, which researchers will use to tell mitigation methods – together with passive acoustic monitoring – to guard this endangered species from the potential impacts of offshore wind energy actions.

“BOEM is happy to have the ability to fund this vital analysis. Our Environmental Research Program appears to be like for progressive options to useful resource administration challenges,” says Jacob Levenson, BOEM’s marine biologist. “Utilizing UAVs permits scientists to gather information in a method that’s safer for each the whales and researchers.”

Little or no is understood in regards to the sei whale, which is likely one of the most endangered massive whales within the North Atlantic. Understanding how the whales behave and use their habitat is vital for BOEM to evaluate potential impacts ensuing from bureau-permitted offshore actions and guarantee accountable offshore wind energy improvement.

Digital acoustic tagging is a part of a bigger BOEM research into the Spatial and Acoustic Habits of Endangered Giant Whales to deal with gaps in data on a wide range of endangered massive whale species – together with sei, North Atlantic proper and fin whales – to higher inform offshore wind energy space choice. UAVs allow researchers to focus on particular animals in a gaggle or conduct multi-group taggings, and the collected information will even support in conservation efforts.

“The usage of UAVs to tag whales is the primary main innovation associated to attaching tags to whales,” feedback Dr. David Wiley, analysis ecologist at Stellwagen Financial institution Nationwide Marine Sanctuary. He has used varied suction cup-based, computer-equipped tags to check the underwater conduct of whales for nearly 30 years.

BOEM’s endangered massive whale research is a collaboration with the Stellwagen Financial institution Nationwide Marine Sanctuary, Syracuse College, College of Michigan, Ocean Alliance and Blue World Analysis Institute. OceanX funded the event of the Ocean Alliance UAV-based tag deployment system. Further funding was supplied by the Volgenau Basis and the Nationwide Marine Sanctuary Basis. Funding for Ocean Alliance was supplied by the Pamela Okay. Omidyar Belief and the Sarah Okay. de Coizart Tenth Perpetual Belief.

UAV work was performed beneath Allow No. 18786-06 issued to the Marine Mammal Well being and Stranding Response Program, beneath which Dr. Wiley is a co-investigator. All different actions have been performed beneath NMFS Allow No. 18059 issued to Dr. Wiley.

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Wind Power

Windy promises don’t rate in the real world: Energy Security Board



Swiss wind park ordered to scale back to protect birds

Credit score:  Jacob Greber, Senior correspondent |

Monetary Evaluate |

Jun 23, 2022 |

Victorian Energy Minister Lily D’Ambrosio’s assurances that offshore wind would offer a backstop to the energy market are undermined by the real-world expertise of capability markets around the globe.

Proof printed by the Energy Safety Board this week exhibits that operators of capability mechanisms within the UK, Eire and US routinely impose severely diminished reliability rankings on wind and {solar} mills

Based mostly on the figures offered by the ESB, Victoria’s bold future offshore wind energy capability might be “derated” to as little as 6.3 per cent – which is what the UK market asserts – and not more than 33 per cent, as per California’s instance.

Against this, coal and gasoline mills obtain rankings of between 79 per cent and 100 per cent – underscoring their reliability.

“Wind and {solar} alternatively could make solely a minimal contribution,” wrote specialists within the ESB’s report, which additionally questioned the reliability of hydropower.

“Storage and hydro also can obtain a variety of derating elements depending on the extent of storage and their controllability in the course of the compliance intervals e.g. run of river hydro will not be dispatchable.”

The report’s proof provides stress on Ms D’Ambrosio to assist an answer for the East Coast energy market, also called the Nationwide Energy Market (NEM).

Amid rocketing costs and an unprecedented regulatory suspension of the NEM final week, federal, state and territory energy ministers agreed to press forward with designing a mechanism that will see energy customers pay mills to take care of spare capability.

However opposition from Victoria and the ACT – which each have daring renewable energy targets – to backing fossil gas energy mills threatens to derail the method and depart the NEM susceptible to future shocks. Any new system requires approval by each jurisdictions, plus the Commonwealth, South Australia, Tasmania, NSW and Queensland.

Ms D’Ambrosio, whose authorities faces a state election in November, hit again this week at warnings Victoria faces blackouts throughout so-called “renewables droughts” in winter months.

She mentioned the state’s new offshore wind initiatives “will blow any shortfall out of the water”.

“We’ll convey on-line at the very least 2 gigawatts of offshore wind by 2032, sufficient to energy 1.5 million houses, with the potential to assist an infinite 13GW of capability by 2050 – 5 instances the state’s present renewable energy technology,” she mentioned.

Danny Value, managing director of Frontier Economics, mentioned Victoria’s place was unfeasible.

“It’s nonsense to suppose you could reliably provide a contemporary financial system with wind and {solar},” he mentioned. “The sheer quantity and price of batteries is breathtaking. It’s tens and tens of billions of {dollars} for Victoria.”

Mr Value famous that the Victorian authorities has adopted a populist stance prior to now and blocked the market regulator’s determination to dispatch energy to NSW throughout earlier crises.

“If she doesn’t wish to hold coal, that’s high-quality, however she will be able to’t additionally then ask for the opposite states to again her up when issues go unhealthy,” Mr Value mentioned.

Ms D’Ambrosia’s forecast wind capability figures assume that energy will all the time be out there in full and on the proper instances. Abroad capability markets exhibit the complexity of making an attempt to consider renewable sources.

The California Impartial System Operator (CAISO) assigns wind energy a derating issue of 8 per cent to 33 per cent, implying the energy supply is dependable on one in 12 days and no multiple in three days.

On the opposite facet of the US, the PJM – one of many world’s largest built-in wholesale energy markets taking in 13 states and the District of Columbia – assigns wind a derating issue of simply 15 per cent.

Within the UK, the determine is even decrease, at 6.3 per cent, whereas in Western Australia it ranges from 7 per cent to twenty-eight per cent.

Energy specialists proceed to debate the “derating elements” of renewable energy as a result of there’s appreciable disagreement over the best way to measure their reliability.

A part of the issue is that lots of the world’s present capability markets have been designed in an period when all of the dominant sources of energy technology – mainly coal, gasoline, nuclear and a few hydro – have been out there 100 per cent of the time.

“In energy programs with coal and gasoline, and a little bit of renewables, we mainly need to hold about 25 per cent capability in reserve to make up for all of the issues that go flawed,” Mr Value mentioned. “And issues do go flawed, even in an excellent energy system.”

“In a system that’s principally renewable, you’re approaching having to have near a 100 per cent reserve margin.”

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Wind Power

Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk pylon proposal could hit house prices ‘by a third’



Swiss wind park ordered to scale back to protect birds

Credit score:  Pylon plan may hit home costs in Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk ‘by a 3rd’ |

BBC Information |

An property agent has warned home costs may fall by a 3rd if a 112-mile pylon scheme to hold offshore wind energy by way of East Anglia is accepted.

Paul Beresford, chief govt officer of Essex-based Beresfords, mentioned the proposal was already impacting property gross sales.

Campaigners mentioned the thought was “horrific”, whereas some residents have claimed it was “horrible”.

Nationwide Grid mentioned it was trying to hit authorities green energy targets.

Mr Beresford mentioned: “There have been research previously that as a lot as a 3rd of the property’s worth will be affected.

“It’s simply such a retrograde step. Why on earth would you be placing pylons up at the moment?

“It’s one thing from the final century – there are much better choices. We simply don’t must blight the gorgeous countryside with pylons.

“In fact everyone desires to see green energy however not at the price of scarring the panorama.”

Kevin Pallett, of Roxwell, close to Chelmsford, lives near the proposed route of the pylons.

He mentioned: “The considered having 50-metre metal pylons proper outdoors our backdoor isn’t a lovely proposition.

“What’s most irritating in regards to the proposal is that underground and offshore routes weren’t even thought of absolutely as a part of the session.”

A session interval ended on 16 June and a petition has been launched and councils have come out in opposition.

Nationwide Grid mentioned elevated renewable calls for by 2030 meant present energy traces didn’t have the capability.

It has proposed to run the cables underground by way of the Dedham Vale space of excellent pure magnificence on the Essex/Suffolk border.

The publicly-listed utility firm mentioned there could be one other alternative to touch upon the proposals earlier than an utility was submitted to the Planning Inspectorate in late 2024.

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Cumberland County restricting, not banning wind power in Wentworth, N.S.



Swiss wind park ordered to scale back to protect birds

WENTWORTH, N.S. – Cumberland County goes to limit the event of huge wind generators within the Wentworth Valley, however has opted to not ban them altogether.

Cumberland municipal council’s proposed modifications to its land-use bylaws relating to wind generators handed second studying throughout its June session on Wednesday. However as a substitute of a 3.5-kilometre ban on wind generators on either side of Freeway 4 within the valley, council has opted to limit improvement to three.2 kilometres on either side.

“I have a look at the place we had been a yr in the past, the dimensions of those generators, their energy and the way the group views them, we knew we needed to change the foundations to guard the group and I consider it is a good compromise,” Mayor Murray Scott stated following the assembly. “We’re a county that helps renewable energy and that features wind generators in the proper locations.”

Scott stated there has all the time been a priority concerning the decommissioning of wind generators as soon as they attain the top of their lifecycle.

“There will likely be a surety in place in order that when they’re not usable, there’ll be the flexibility to take them down,” Scott stated. “We’ve additionally addressed their distance from properties by extending the setbacks.

“We’ve been at this for months and I feel we’ve reached a degree the place we’re at a compromise that’s respectful of landowners and residents and, on the finish of the day, these corporations, who need to put generators within the county, must come to us. There’ll be an opportunity to query them on it and ensure they observe the foundations.”

Beneath the modifications, the setback between generators and dwellings is being elevated from 600 metres to 1,000 metres (or a kilometre).

There may be additionally a mandate for minimal public engagement necessities and decommissioning bonds for brand new generators.

Final week, throughout a public listening to, county councillors had been informed their proposed restricted overlay of three.5 kilometres from either side of Freeway 4 by the valley would make a deliberate wind farm on Higgins Mountain much less viable.

At concern, is a plan by builders to put a 100-megawatt wind farm on Higgins Mountain. The county positioned a six-month moratorium on wind initiatives again in January whereas it up to date its land-use bylaws.

The venture has been opposed by the residents’ group Shield Wentworth Valley, which stated the generators would influence the world’s ecosystem in addition to the inhabitants of the endangered mainland moose.

Earlier this week, Dan Eaton, director of venture improvement for Elemental Energy on behalf of Higgins Mountain Wind Farm Restricted Partnership, wrote the county proposing a change to the overlay that permits them to proceed whereas responding to resident considerations.

“Neighborhood help and social licence are extremely vital to our partnership. Our strategy has all alongside been to search out widespread floor with the group and as we speak we’re requesting that council settle for a compromise to the restricted overlay developed as a part of the Cumberland County wind turbine bylaw evaluate,” Eaton stated in a letter to county CAO Greg Herrett.

Eaton stated through the public listening to that the Higgins Mountain partnership is conscious of group considerations and has already self-imposed a 2.5-kilometre buffer from Freeway 4. It has accomplished an evaluation of the three.5-kilometre buffer and recommended the three.2-kilometre buffer as a substitute.

“Whereas there are usually not insignificant monetary impacts of extending the buffer from 2.5 kilometres to three.2 kilometres, we’re assured that at this distance the venture maintains its feasibility whereas making certain that the vital visible aesthetics of the Wentworth Valley, prioritized by the group, are maintained,” Eaton stated in his letter. “Higgins Mountain Wind Farm Restricted Partnership additionally re-iterates its prolonged dedication to not putting generators inside the zone of visible influence restriction as introduced on Dec. 4, 2021 at our second open home.”

Paul Pynn, representing the wind venture, stated Thursday the partnership is appreciative of the chance to take part within the course of.

“Higgins Wind has all the time been dedicated to growing our venture in a accountable method that respects the distinctiveness of the Wentworth Valley and the pursuits of the group,” Pynn stated in an emailed assertion. “With the adjustment to the restricted overlay, we anticipate that the venture is ready to meet or exceed all necessities within the amended Cumberland County Wind Turbine Bylaw and can reduce potential results to the visible aesthetics of the Wentworth Valley.

“We stay up for persevering with to work with the Mi’kmaq Nations, Municipality of Cumberland, Municipality of Colchester in addition to residents and group stakeholders to advance the venture by a provincial environmental evaluation and municipal allowing processes permitting Higgins Wind to construct a venture that may assist Nova Scotia Energy ship clear, dependable and reasonably priced energy whereas offering significant financial advantages to the communities inside which we work.

Coun. Kathy Redmond, who represents the Wentworth space on council and opposed the preliminary venture plan, stated she will dwell with the compromise.

“I’m glad there may be safety for the Wentworth Valley,” Redmond stated. “Regardless that it’s dropping down to three.2, that’s solely 300 metres in distinction. I feel with what we have now in place now, we have now an excellent bylaw.”

Redmond stated she nonetheless questions whether or not the corporate will be capable of “conceal” the generators and never disturb the view of the valley, however she helps the compromise.

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